Over the last couple of centuries or so, the history of manufacturing has changed dramatically. Instead of items being produced by hand, the owners of the facilities created ways to have machines produce the items. This change in production, now known as the Industrial Revolution, began in England in the 18th century and ultimately stretched to neighboring countries such as France and Germany, and by the late 18th century came across the sea to the United States.

The impact of changing the way items were manufactured had a wide reach that affected many industries in the Industrial Revolution, such as textile manufacturing, mining, glass making, and agriculture which had all undergone changes. For example, in the textile industry before the Industrial Revolution, textiles were primarily made of wool and were handspun. But, with the invention of the spinning wheel and the loom, cotton was produced quicker and eventually replaced wool in the textile field. This dramatically reduced production time and the cost to produce material and was the start of many drastic changes in the textile industry.

The changes in the textile industry weren't the only transformations that occurred. Most people lived in small, rural communities and their lives revolved around farming before the Industrial Revolution. With the changes in manufacturing, new farming techniques, including improved livestock breeding, led to better food production. People started moving to cities for work, and there was a spike in the population as well as increased health. The Industrial Revolution created a huge demand for coal so the mining industry was busier than ever. Advances such as these were evident in all industries during this era.

There was a massive increase in factory jobs during the Industrial Revolution, and many changes took place in how goods were produced. Instead of utilizing artisans to produce hand-made items, machines started to help and eventually take the place of the artisans. Machinery during the Industrial Revolution such as the spinning wheel to produce textiles, the water wheel used to power machinery and the steam engine were invented. These inventions aided in speeding up the production of manufactured items.



However, with materials now being produced quicker and cheaper, the need for manufactured goods was greater than the supply and this material shortage forced factories to open up for greater production hours and placed hard demands on the men, women and children in the workplace. These demands became increasingly difficult to achieve and ultimately led to laws to protect workers. In 1833, the Factory Act was passed to place restrictions on working hours of children, and set standards that factories needed to attain. However, these changes were basically good and led to new and better ways for businesses to achieve success.

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